Study on Relationship among Oil Content, Fatty Acid Composition and Seed Characters of Diploknema butyracea

Diploknema butyracea (Phulwara/cheura plant) grows in the wild in Uttarakhand’s sub-Himalayan and outer Himalayan hills. Palmitic acid (56.80 – 64.10 percent), oleic acid (28.00 – 31.30 percent), linoleic acid (4.30 – 5.70 percent), and stearic acid (2.40 – 3.50 percent) are all present in significant concentrations in the kernel of the plant (> 60%). Oil/fat is utilised for cooking as well as the creation of local medicine, soap, and other products. Because of the refractory forms of seed and perpetual nature of the growth habit, traditional breeding procedures are challenging for plant improvement. Selection of superior genotypes based on fatty acid compositions in seeds and seed features as morphological marker traits of plant species is required to manage the quantity and quality of oil in crops. A correlation and path coefficient study was conducted among four primary fatty acid components, total fat/oil content, and several seed characteristics in this study. The oil content in kernel was measured by palmitic acid, stearic acid, and seed coat colour, according to the findings. The negative influence of oleic acid, linoleic acid, and other fatty acids in different directions resulted in a non-significant relationship between total fat/oil content and other features.

Author(S) Details

B. B. Bandyopadhyay
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar. U.S. Nagar, Uttarakhand 263145, India.

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