A new interpretation of Hubble’s law and the cosmic microwave background is presented, which differs from the Big Bang hypothesis-based cosmological explanation. The author demonstrates that Hubble’s law is the result of four fundamental physical laws acting on photons in space: energy conservation, light speed constancy, Newton’s law of gravity, and Planck’s law. In this situation, photon thermalization in cosmic space causes the cosmic microwave background, whose temperature is governed by the energy of stars’ optical emission. Planck’s law governs the flow of energy from photons to the cosmic microwave background and vice versa. The new interpretation of Hubble’s law and the cosmic microwave background can be applied to the Metagalaxy and does not rely on the Big Bang theory to explain them.
Oil and Gas Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.