Polyphenols, which comprise lignin, flavonoids, polyphenols, phenolic acid, and stilbenes, are found in all plants and some animals and have a wide range of structures and bioactivities. They are valued for their antioxidant, anti-cardiovascular, and human applications, although polyphenol use for babies and pregnant women still raises many problems, while nano polyphenols have recently gained a lot of attention. As a result, the chapter concentrated on polyphenols (definition, categorization, structure, and resources), their activity and mechanisms (antioxidant and anti-cardiovascular), their usage in babies and pregnant women, and nano polyphenol manufacturing methods (ten extraction methods of polyphenols and eleven methods of nano polyphenol preparations). Nanopolyphenols are essential for future functional foods and pharmaceuticals, as well as human disease and ageing prevention, but their usage is restricted to pregnant women and children under the age of 18.
Pham Thanh Thuan
Department of General Surgery, Ninh Thuan Province General Hospital, Ninh Thuan 590000, Vietnam.
Pham Van Thinh
Ho Chi Minh University of Food Industry, Ho Chi Minh 700000, Vietnam.
Pham Thi Thanh Thao
Department of Obstetrics, Hung Vuong hospital, Ho Chi Minh 700000, Vietnam.
Truong Ngoc Minh
Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), Center for Research and Technology Transfer, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, 100000 Hanoi, Vietnam. and Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), Institute of Applied Mechanics and Informatics, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam.