Impact of Health Education Intervention on Uptake of Random Screening for Cervical & Breast Cancers among Rural Women in Villages of Gurgaon Cluster, Haryana, India: A Cross-Sectional Study

Disease awareness and socio-cultural practises influence rural women’s treatment seeking behaviour and uptake of preventative screening for breast and cervical cancers. In Gurgaon villages chosen at random by our financial partner, DLF Foundation, Gurgaon, this study was performed to evaluate rural women’s awareness and understanding of cervical and breast cancers, as well as their attitudes and uptake for primary screening for these diseases. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 603 women between the ages of 21 and 65 who attended women’s cancer awareness and screening camps, where they were randomly screened for breast and cervical cancers. Out of 603 women who participated in various camps organised in several villages within Gurgaon between 2014 and 2016, 235 women (39%) were checked for cervical and breast cancers. Furthermore, 365 women (61%) were taught how to conduct a self-breast examination. 88 (37.44 percent) of the 235 persons assessed were found to have genital infections, for which they were given free drugs. Out of 235 women tested, 99 (42%) were suspected of having cervical or breast abnormalities and were recommended for additional testing (Pap smear, USG Abdomen, and Mammography in 20 cases) to confirm the condition and offer treatment recommendations. Only 38 of the instances, on the other hand, followed the protocol for follow-up. All participating women received specially created, easy-to-understand pamphlets (in Hindi) on the four women’s cancers (endometrial cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and cervical cancer). The most significant conclusion was that rural women had little understanding of cervical and breast cancer screening, as well as the symptoms, risk factors, and preventative screening for these cancers. Effective education and large-scale primary screening are required in India to lower the burden of cervical and breast cancers. Low family finances and a lack of mobility have been reported to make it difficult for women to access to health centres while enduring the severe symptoms of these diseases. Because the majority of rural women never have their cervical and breast cancers examined, the study indicated that cancer awareness programmes, as well as on-site primary screening for cervical and breast cancers using simple, cost-effective procedures, can considerably benefit them.

Author(S) Details

P. Cheena Chawla
World Healthal Trust, 34, Knowledge Park 1, Greater Noida -201310, India.

Anil Kumar Chawla
World Healthal Trust, 34, Knowledge Park 1, Greater Noida -201310, India.

Seema Chaudhary
World Healthal Trust, 34, Knowledge Park 1, Greater Noida -201310, India.

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