Study on Prevalence and Economic Loss due to Hydatidosis in Slaughtered Animals in Juba South Sudan

At the Gumbo slaughterhouse in Juba County, a three-month cross-sectional research was done. The study’s goals were to find out how common hydatidosis is and how much money it costs to lose organs as a result of it. A total of 4,989 animals were subjected to routine pre-slaughter checks and meat inspections. With a prevalence of 3.99 percent, hydatidosis was discovered in 199 distinct visceral organs of slain animals. Cattle, sheep, and goats had prevalence rates of 3.94 percent, 6.99 percent, and 2.74 percent, respectively. Hydatid cysts were found in 53.27 percent of the liver, 44.22 percent of the lungs, 1.51 percent of the spleen, 1.0 percent of the heart, and 0.0 percent of the kidneys, respectively. As a result, organ condemnation was highest in the liver and lungs. The predominance of Nilotic indigenous cattle was 5.74 percent, whereas the exotic Ankole cattle breed was 2.0 percent. It’s possible that this is owing to the free-range grazing and close connection with household dogs. In November (4.3%), December (4.4%), and January (4.4%), there were no statistically significant differences (P>0.05) in the prevalence of hydatidosis (3.2 percent ). Male cattle exhibited a higher sex-based frequency than female cattle (4.11 percent) (3.65 percent ). When compared to female sheep (4.88 percent) and goats (3.97 percent), male sheep and goats revealed no significant differences in rates of 5.31 and 3.97 percent (P>0.05), respectively (2.96 percent ). Adult cattle exhibited a prevalence rate of 3.93 percent, which was higher than that of young cattle (2.39 percent ). Adult sheep and goats had a prevalence of 5.26 percent and 3.83 percent, respectively, compared to 4.72 and 2.64 percent for young sheep and goats. 199 organs of cattle, sheep, and goats were condemned at retail market price throughout the study period, resulting in an economic loss of 6,032 South Sudanese pounds (SSP), or US$ 2,035.77 (one American dollar = 2.963 SSP). In South Sudan, hydatidosis is a widespread sheep illness that causes economic losses. The socioeconomic and cultural prerequisites for community-based control techniques must be developed. Dogs should not be allowed access to fresh offal, and condemned organs should be disposed of in a sanitary manner, according to key stakeholders. To evaluate the genotypic characteristics of Echinococcus granulosus local strains in livestock, as well as to assess the indirect economic damage and study the public health consequences of hydatidosis in South Sudan, more research is needed.

Author(S) Details

Erneo B. Ochi
University of Juba, Juba, South Sudan.

David A. Akol
School of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Juba, Juba, South Sudan.

Serafino M. Augustino
School of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Juba, Juba, South Sudan.

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