Application of Cleaner Technologies in the Treatment of Leachate and the Prevention of Surface and Groundwater Pollution in the Environment

In the northern Kosovo region, direct discharge of urban and industrial waste waters, as well as leachate (originating from unlawful landfills) into receivers without previous filtration, is unfortunately quite frequent. Furthermore, reckless and inappropriate site selection for industrial and municipal landfills, which are frequently located near or on the river’s edge, contributes greatly to pollution. Direct sampling and the TCLP (Toxicity Characteristic Leashing Procedures) method were used to analyse the leachate from these sites. Possible methods for removing and reducing existing pollution were given based on the examination of physicochemical parameters of filtrated water from the sites itkovac, Grabovac, and Balaban, as well as analysis of surface water and groundwater samples from the site Grabovac. Purification of municipal and industrial waste waters, as well as leachate from illegal landfills, was recommended as a possible long-term solution. The use of a Membrane Bio Reactor (MBR) to implement remediation with a unified system for water purification, which includes the process of stabilization/solidification of residual sludge, would result in a neutral powder material that is completely safe for the environment and suitable for a variety of applications. The goal of this research is to track the impact of leachate landfill water on surface and groundwater around landfills, as well as to avoid and remediate contamination through the use of cleaner landfill water treatment technology.

Author(S) Details

Irma Dervisevic
University of Prishtina, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia.

Jelena Dokic
University of Prishtina, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia.

Natasa Elezovic
University of Prishtina, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia.

Gordana Milentijevic
University of Prishtina, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia.

Vladan Cosovic
University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, Belgrade, Serbia.

Almin Dervisevic
Faculty of Technology in Novi Sad, Study Program of Pharmaceutical Engineering,Novi Sad, Serbia.

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