The paradigm shift, which transforms engrained beliefs and develops new upgrade disciplines, leads to a systemic turn in human and natural sciences. Bionomics improves classical Ecology by recognising that life on Earth is structured into complex living systems, with each level having a distinct state of health. This chapter tries to demonstrate the ability of bionomic principles to assess health in a very synthetic way and relate it to the occurrence of human diseases, as well as to identify other correlations beyond the standard ones.
Theory and Methods: Principles and primary methods of Bionomics are briefly remembered, as a synthetic framework needed to distinguish the main landscape syndromes and some unanticipated relationships between environmental modification and human health, even independently from pollution. A brief overview of recent CD and NCD studies (e.g., Covid-19 contagion dynamics) as well as cancer incidence in the EU will be presented.
The most crucial correlation significance in these examples appears to be Bionomic Functionality (BF) and Biological Territorial Capacity of Vegetation (BTC). A damaging diagnosis of the health of a landscape unit (LU) shows numerous probable complex routes of human sickness. Environmental anamnesis is proposed as a way to check a patient’s environmental conditions using 30 questions derived from the main sets of landscape syndromes.
Interpretation: Many landscape processes have an impact on human health and play a key part in illness progression. Doctors treat human health problems, but the majority of these are attributable to environmental changes, thus they must be educated in bionomics as well. As a result, doctors’ perspectives on public health will broaden: bionomics can aid with anamnesis, diagnosis, and therapy.
Centre for Multidisciplinary Research in Health Science, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy.