Extraction and Determining the Dyeing Potential of Floral Dyes on Various Fabrics

With the increased emphasis on the use of eco-friendly and biodegradable materials in recent years, extensive research work on the application of natural dyes in the textile industry has been performed around the world. Flowers are grown in large quantities in India. These flowers are used for decoration or as sacrifices to God, after which they are either dropped in water or simply abandoned, resulting in pollution. These discarded blooms can be utilised to create a natural dye. Natural dyes are frequently utilised in the textile sector, as well as in the production of Herbal Gulal (Abil), Colorful Candles, and the food industry. The goal of this research is to extract various dyes from Marigold (Tagetes erecta), Bougainvillea, and Indian Almond Leaves (Terminalia catappa) using an aqueous extraction method, and then apply the final extracted dye to various textile materials such as cotton, silk, and wool using various mordants such as Stannous Chloride, Ferrous Sulphate, Potassium dichromate, Copper Sulphate, Aluminium Sulphate, Sodium Chloride, Nickel Yellowish Orange, Reddish Pink, Yellow, and Green were the final colours of various extracted dyes. The final colour of the natural coloured fabric was yellow, green, brown, greyish, and purple.

Author(S) Details

Patel Pratik
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Sarvajanik University, SURAT – 395001 (Gujarat), India.

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