The goal of this study is to look into numerous potential risk factors for the development of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) and to figure out how common ROP is in the study population. This one-year prospective observational study was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Government Thanjavur Medical College, Thanjavur, with 102 babies meeting the inclusion criteria who were subjected to a complete fundus examination with an indirect ophthalmoscope and followed up until 45 weeks after conception. ROP was shown to be more common in male babies (57.8%), but the difference between male and female babies (42.1%) was not statistically significant. As a result, the findings imply that there are no clear gender-related risk factors in the development of ROP. ROP is the most common cause of preventable childhood blindness in India. The difficulty is simply identifying those who would benefit from vision-saving therapy. Screening and treatment of ROP should begin as soon as possible.
Government Thanjavur Medical College, Thanjavur, Tamilnadu, India.