Cause of Entrapment Syndromes in Gastrocnemius Muscle: A Prospective Study

One of the most common causes of calf injuries is gastrocnemius injuries. The medial head of the gastrocnemius is more frequently affected. Entrapment disorders in the popliteal fossa have been linked to accessory heads of the gastrocnemius. The dissection of 60 formalin-embalmed lower limbs was precise. The number of heads, origin, insertion, and nerve supply of the gastrocnemius muscle are all recorded. The abnormal course of the popliteal artery or auxiliary heads of the gastrocnemius or plantaris muscle crushing a normal popliteal artery have been documented to cause popliteal artery entrapment syndrome. In 10% of cadavers, there is bilateral variance. The gastrocnemius muscles have three heads (6.66%) and four heads (8.33%), respectively. Autografting and employing imaging techniques for entrapment disorders require knowledge of additional gastrocnemius heads. The radiologist will benefit from understanding about the accessory heads of the gastrocnemius during imaging assessments for polpliteal entrapment syndromes and neurovascular compression.

Author(S) Details

Shinde Amol A.
Department of Anatomy, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Patel Dinesh K.
Department of Anatomy, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Bharambe Vaishaly K.
Department of Anatomy, Symbiosis Medical College for Women, Symbiosis International University, Lavale, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

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