At the base of the skull, right beyond the occipital condyles, the posterior condylar canal enters. The posterior condylar canal is the largest emissary foramen of the posterior cerebral fossa. The posterior condylar vein exits the skull through the posterior condylar (or condyloid) canal, which runs from the jugular foramen to the condylar fossa. The goal of this research was to figure out what the normal anatomic layout of the posterior condylar canal looked like and how it differed. The following are the goals of this study: a) To determine if there is a bilateral or unilateral posterior condylar canal, as well as the presence or absence of a posterior condylar canal (foramen).
Materials and Methods: For this investigation, 50 dried adult human skulls of unknown sex were collected from the Mysore Medical College and Research Institute’s anatomy department. Skulls were inspected bilaterally and unilaterally for the existence or absence of a posterior condylar canal. In 18 of the 50 human dry skulls examined, we discovered bilateral posterior condylar canals (foramina), unilateral (right) in 10 skulls, and unilateral (left) in 12 skulls. There is no posterior condylar canal in ten skulls (foramina).
Conclusions: Anatomical variations of the posterior condylar canal are essential for neurosurgeons and ENT surgeons because they give them a better understanding of how to operate in the occipital condylar regions.
JSS Medical College, Mysore, Karnataka, India.