Study on Conflict and Its Political Economy Implications in Southern Sudan

 Since the pre-colonial and post-colonial eras, relations between Sudan and South Sudan have been marked by political and economic marginalisation of South Sudan as a result of underrepresentation, discrimination, and other restrictions that prevent South Sudanese from holding important constitutional positions. The imposition of Arabic language and culture on the people of South Sudan resulted in conflict since Northern Sudan was largely Arab and Muslim, whilst Southern Sudan was predominantly black Africans, with the majority of them being Christians or practising African traditional religion. The qualitative descriptive methodologies were employed to conduct this research, and data were gathered through the use of secondary sources such as books, journals, and online resources; relative deprivation theory was applied in this study. The findings revealed that the colonial masters’ decision in 1947 to abolish the Addis Ababa Agreement, which granted Southern Sudan semi-autonomy, and to amalgamate Northern and Southern Sudan into a single country without consulting the people of South Sudan, was a mistake, because North and South Sudan were administered by Britain as two separate countries, coupled with the aforementioned ideological differences between Northern and Southern Sudan.

Author(s) Details:

Amon Rimamtanung Stephen,
Department of Political Science and International Relations, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria.

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