Determination of Epidemiological Markers and Seroprevalence of Chlamydia Trachomatis in Female Sti Attendees

The goal of this study was to establish chlamydia trachomatis seroprevalence and its relationship to several epidemiological variables. Chlamydia trachomatis is the most prevalent cause of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Chlamydial infections that go undiagnosed and untreated might have long-term repercussions. Infected patients are a source of infection for their partners. The purpose of this study was to determine the epidemiological symptoms and seroprevalence of genital Chlamydia in female STI patients who visited STI clinics. In 226 clinically suspected cases of Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) patients attending a STI clinic, the seroprevalence of chlamydia trachomatis, as well as age, marital status, history of sexual contact, and contraceptive use, were assessed. Patients were tested for the presence of chlamydia trachomatis IgG antibodies using an ELISA (Novatech, Germany) assay. The seroprevalence of chlamydia trachomatis IgG was found to be 55.66 percent by ELISA. People who were sexually active were more likely to have genital Chlamydia (21-30 years). The highest prevalence was found in patients who were married (53.75 percent), had a history of sexual activity (61.25 percent), and were using oral contraceptive tablets as a contraceptive approach (63.93 percent). Although tissue culture is the gold standard for detecting chlamydia trachomatis, serological assays are far more simple, sensitive, and time-efficient. The co-infection of Chlamydia with other STIs emphasises the importance of early laboratory detection and adequate medication for Chlamydia and other STIs.

Author(S) Details

Atul R. Rukadikar
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Gorakhpur, India.

Charushila Rukadikar
Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Gorakhpur, India.

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