Determination of Free Energy as Described by the New Axioms and Laws

Expanded Field Theory is used in this research. It transforms Classic Field Theory into a considerably broader theory with two additional axioms and eight rules. The researchers decided to take Einstein’s advise and try to change their way of thinking. Through new axioms and rules, the article describes a fresh new field type. It was characterised as follows from the author’s past works: Only one (first) axiom and six laws are used in this paper. Maxwell’s laws (1864) are known to be based on a single postulate [1]. It claims that moving in a closed loop causes a vector E to move evenly (at a constant speed): div rot E = 0. This axiom was replaced by the author with a novel one, according to which movement in an open loop or vortex causes an uneven (varying speed) movement of a vector: [2] div rot div Vor for vortex There is a cross vortex in and a longitudinal vortex in; the cross vortex in is converted to a longitudinal vortex in via a particular transformation; the longitudinal vortex in is turned to a cross vortex in through another unique transformation. 42; a decelerating vortex generates “free energy” in the form of free cross vortices; an accelerating vortex sucks the same free cross vortices, and so on. Cross vortices are visible to outside observers because they reflect the sun’s rays. Longitudinal vortices, on the other hand, are invisible because they refract rather than reflect the sun’s beams. E is not a simple vector. It becomes a complicated vector: E = A + As a real portion, it can have amplitude A or velocity V. Cross vortices can produce two types of vortices: a vortex created by amplitude A and a vortex generated by velocity V. Both of them may accelerate or decelerate, and they are both generators. They are material particle prototypes. The temperature falls as the accelerating vortex absorbs cross vortices, while the temperature increases as the decelerating field emits cross vortices. The velocity of the electromagnetic field inside the conductor is constant (v max = c) . It slows down near the outskirts due to resistance from the conductor wall. As a result, increasing the size of the voltage merely increases the size of the current, but not the velocity. This study introduces a novel sort of field acceleration. It absorbs “free energy” from the environment in the form of free cross vortices. The Positive Feedback mechanism converts the acceleration process into a generating process. A bound electron’s state differs significantly from that of a free electron. Scientists can detect the mass of a free electron with a decelerating cross vortex (E2D-) inward but not a connected electron with an accelerating cross vortex (E2D+) inward.

Author(S) Details

Valentina Markova
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria.

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