Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Jatropha curcas Oil by Base Catalyzed Transesterification Process

The study’s main purpose was to look at the properties of biodiesel produced with homogeneous and heterogeneous base catalysts. The metrics were compared to ASTM fuel attributes to assess its viability as a diesel alternative. This study used the base-catalyzed transesterification method to make biodiesel from Jatropha curcas oil. KOH and CaO were used as homogeneous and heterogeneous base catalysts. After that, the biodiesel was put through a series of tests to determine its acid number, fire point, flash point, cloud point, and pour point, as well as fluid properties including density and specific gravity. The findings obtained with the KOH catalyst (for example, fire point: 126, specific gravity: 0.87) were encouraging, as the values were within ASTM standards. The biodiesel obtained Specific gravity and density are comparable to those of gasoline and diesel. A systematic comparison of two different catalysts was undertaken as a consequence of the outcomes of this study, and it was revealed that KOH is the best catalyst, since it is both economical and scalable to obtain maximum yield.

Author(S) Details

Poojitha Reddy Giri
Department of Chemical Engineering, CBIT Engineering College, Gandipet, Hyderabad, Telangana – 500075, India.

Keerthana Reddy
Department of Chemical Engineering, CBIT Engineering College, Gandipet, Hyderabad, Telangana – 500075, India.

Hanusha Durisety
Department of Chemical Engineering, CBIT Engineering College, Gandipet, Hyderabad, Telangana – 500075, India.

Madhuri Pydimalla
Department of Chemical Engineering, CBIT Engineering College, Gandipet, Hyderabad, Telangana – 500075, India.

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