The period of sailing ships and crude equipment has given way to one of powered ships with autonomous technology that can shift people from ship to land and change the duty of the guiding navigator into a monitoring navigator. In order to embrace Maritime 4.0 and manage diverse ship circumstances for safe intelligent navigation, this article offers a thorough analysis of the present collision laws and modestly advises small improvements. Avoiding collisions does not involve one ship approaching another and taking controlled action. The navigator is really faced with a variety of ships and circumstances where there is a risk of collision, with certain boats needing avoidance manoeuvres or maintaining course and speed in accordance with current regulations. By decreasing human mistake or the significantly diverse activities that different people may perform, SMART technology can offer rapid and reliable calculated actions to aid the navigator. Because removing human mistake is only achievable if the human is removed, unmanned ships may finally become the norm in shipping. It is possible to create stable and predictable collision avoidance actions that may be shared on open platforms with other nearby ships by compiling quantifiable effective responses from reputable ship captains for a variety of collision circumstances. In order to give precise predicted movements and massive data computing, this removes the fluctuating action of people and synchronises manned and autonomous boats. In order to attain clarity and simplicity when it comes to unmanned ships, it is time to evaluate the present collision standards and remove problems. The required results can only be achieved by balancing technology and people through a clear regulatory framework that encompasses both.
Frederick James Francis,
Centre of Excellence in Maritime Safety Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore.
Please see the link here: https://stm.bookpi.org/NTPSR-V6/article/view/7221