Evaluation of the Proximate, Mineral, Anti-Nutritional and Amino Acid Compositions of Ficus glumosa Leaves and Stem Bark

The objective of this study was to assess the chemical, mineral, anti-nutritional, and amino acid contents of Ficus glumosa stem bark and leaves. All investigations adhered to accepted analytic standards. Ion exchange chromatography was utilised to perform amino acid analysis on samples utilising the Technicon Sequential Multisample (TSM) Amino Acid Analyzer (IEC). The results showed that the moisture values of Ficus glumosa’s leaves and stem bark were 9.78 and 9.67%, respectively. The crude protein content of the leaves was 18.8%, whereas the crude protein content of the stem bark was 7.73%.It was discovered that the leaves’ mineral content was greater than the stem bark’s. In the stem bark and leaves, the Na/K ratios were 0.048 and 0.09, respectively. The four anti-nutrients evaluated for the leaves and stem bark had the greatest concentrations of tannins, 5.42 and 12.5 (mgTAE/g), respectively. According to amino acid compositions, the stem bark and leaves both contained 95.2 and 83.4 g/100 g cp of amino acids, respectively. Glu was the amino acid that was most concentrated, with values of 12.8 and 16.2 g/100g cp (leaves) (stem bark). The essential amino acid content of the leaves was 44.9 g/100 g cp (47.2%) whereas that of the stem bark was 37.2 g/100 g cp (44.6 percent). Crude protein, necessary amino acids, and critical minerals were all abundant in the leaves and stem bark of Ficus glumosa, which may assist to reduce protein shortages in developing countries. Due to the low Na/K ratio, both stem bark and leaves may be beneficial dietary sources for lowering high blood pressure.

Author(s) Details:

A. F. Akinsola,
Department of Industrial Chemistry, Ekiti State University, P. M. B. 5363, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

I. Osasona,
Department of Chemical Sciences, Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, P.M.B. 250, Ikere-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

A. I. Aribisala,
Department of Industrial Chemistry, Ekiti State University, P. M. B. 5363, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

Please see the link here: https://stm.bookpi.org/CTAS-V8/article/view/7262

Keywords: Ficus glumosa, leaves, stem bark, proximate, amino acids, mineral elements, anti-nutrients.

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