Study about an Inventory of Flora in Um Dom Island (Khartoum State), Sudan

The flora data for Um Dom Island, one of the partially stabilised islands in Khartoum State, Sudan, is documented and updated in this study. There was collection, processing, and identification. Herbarium specimens were created and placed at the University of Khartoum’s Faculty of Science Herbarium. Comparing identified species to samples from the same herbarium. This investigation demonstrated the region’s abundance in flora. A total of 74 flowering plant species from 33 distinct families were discovered. Three Monocotyledon families and thirty Dicotyledon families were present. There were 66 weedy species of native Um Dom Island vegetation. There were eight species that were cultivated. 89.2% of plant species are spontaneous, while 10.8% are cultivated, for example. The island’s native plant is Tamarix nilotica, whereas Calotropis procera was brought in from the nearby semi-desert region. There were no recognised non-floral variations. Three layers of plants have been discovered in the area being examined. Acacia nilotica, Ziziphus spina-christi, Faidherbia albida, and Prosopis juliflora make up the majority of the uppermost tree layer. Calotropis procera and Tamarix nilotica dominate the second shrub layer, whereas Cyperus sp. and Cenchrus prieurii rule the third herb layer. Poaceae, which is represented by 11 species, Cyperaceae, which is represented by 6 species, and Amaranthaceae, which is represented by (4 species). The most significant human influences on the local vegetation are overgrazing and agriculture. This study will aid and illustrate how changes in plant cover might lead to land degradation and an arid environment by acting as a starting point and a point of reference for future studies.

Author(s) Details:

N. Mahmoud,
National Center for Research, Khartoum, Sudan.

M. S. Elhakeem,
Khartoum University, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Khartoum University, Sudan.

A. H. Abdallah,
Khartoum University, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Khartoum University, Sudan.

M. Kordofani,
Khartoum University, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Khartoum University, Sudan.

Please see the link here: https://stm.bookpi.org/CTAS-V8/article/view/7263

Keywords: Floristic composition, flora of Um Dom Island, Blue Nile, Khartoum state area.

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