Produce Food and Feed of Cereals Legumes and Root Crops in Tropical Agro-forestry of Java Indonesia

Java, which makes up only about 7% of Indonesia, is home to over 61 percent of the country’s population. As a member of the international community, Indonesia is making a major effort to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which place a top focus on reducing hunger and alleviating poverty by 50% by the year 2045. Sadly, the effects of global warming have turned a fantasy into a reality. The production of food crops in Java’s forested areas in the past and present shows that the island can sustain not only its own residents, but also those on neighbouring islands and even those who live overseas. Unfortunately, there are negative effects from food crop production techniques on the forest, disrupting its fundamental role as a carbon sink. Only around 2.5 percent of Indonesian forest, or 3.3 million acres, is on the island of Java. Java’s forest is maintained by civilians in 27 percent of the area, with around 73 percent of it being administered by Perhutani (the State Forest Enterprise). According to reports, the deadly dosage of cyanide for humans is between 0.5 and 3.5 mg HCN/kg body weight, or between 30-210 mg HCN for an adult weighing 60 kg. The bitter cassava genotypes contain more than 50 mg/kg of fresh root HCN. Very bitter genotypes of cassava may have more HCN per kilogramme of fresh root than 100 mg. People in rural communities devoured cassava during the famine crisis without thinking about the HCN concentration, which made cassava poisoning a severe issue that contributed to deaths. Indeed, the quick conversion of cyanide into the considerably less deadly thiocyanate, which is then eliminated in the urine, allows the human body to detoxify as much as 100 mg of HCN for 24 hours. As Elephant Food, Porang In the Perhutani forest, yam or conyac (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume) was a relatively common food item that people would consume in or near teak forests. However, during the hunger catastrophe from 1945 to 1980, porang was particularly common in cassava, sweet potato, and root crops. Porang was first offered for sale in Pasuruan in 1980 under the name Shirataki noodle in Japan. Porang has a significant amount of glucomannan, and it is used to make flour after being dried and ground. As the source of the cheapest protein, soybeans account for 34% of the protein in tofu and tempe, making them ideal. In addition to cereals and grain legumes, which are well known as food sources, shade-tolerant root-crops have the benefit of producing more food in the form of starchy roots in a more fertile environment. Future agroforestry development need to be able to maintain a greener forest as a carbon sink while still supplying enough food for inhabitants.

Author(s) Details:

Yudi Widodo,
National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia.

Runik Dyah Purwaningrahayu,
National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia.

Ruly Krisdiana,
National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia.

Sri Wahyuni Indiati,
National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia.

Erliana Ginting,
National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia.

Sri Wahyuningsih,
National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia.

Nila Prasetiaswati,
National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia.

Titik Sundari,
Director of Indonesian Legume and Tuber crops Research Institute (ILETRI), Indonesia.

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Keywords: Food crops production, agro-forestry of Java, cassava, soybean, porang, food adapts global warming.

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