Assessment of Pregnancy Outcomes with Maternal Age: A Retrospective Study

This study specifies placental and neonatal percentage growth trajectories in different maternal age groups. One of the most important factors for successful pregnancy outcome is maternal age. Extreme maternal age adversely affects fetal and placental growth patterns.

This study was conducted on 391 placentas obtained from her 6-month consecutive deliveries from the obstetrics and gynecology department of a teaching hospital in North Karnataka, India.

The age distribution of the 391 mothers shows a mean of 23.6 years and a standard deviation of 3.7 years, with 7.2% under her 20s and 7.6% over her 30s. Birth weight percentiles and placental morphometry did not show a consistent association with increased maternal age. This study showed a consistent increasing trend in birth weight percentiles for different  maternal age groups only in the higher percentiles (75th to 95th), whereas placental morphometric percentiles showed no consistent relationship with age. Placental morphometric percentiles showed no consistent relationship with maternal age except for placental weight at the 5th and 50th percentiles and  placental surface area at the 25th percentile.

Author(s) Details:

Rupa L. Balihallimath,
Department of Anatomy, Gadag Institute of Medical Sciences, Gadag, Karnataka, India.

M. K. Jayalaxmi,
Department of Physiology, Gadag Institute of Medical Sciences, Gadag, Karnataka, India.

Anita M. Gan,
Departmetnt of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum, Karnataka, India.

Naresh Kumar Tyagi,
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Gadag Institute of Medical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum, Karnataka, India.

Please see the link here: https://stm.bookpi.org/CIMMS-V2/article/view/8226

Keywords: Percentiles, placental weight, placental surface area, birth weight, maternal age

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