Sexual Abuse against Female Gender: Four-years Report of Three Reception Centers in Dakar

Establishing the epidemiological characterization of sexual abuse was the aim of this investigation. Sexual abuse is a community health problem by way of its magnitude, allure severity on the casualties and their vulnerability linked to human management. The study had two parts and spanned four age (2009–2012). One, quantitative, was based on the use of all casualty records from three reception centers. The added, qualitative, focused on interviews of artists involved in the care of martyrs.There were 78 cases in total. The victims, with 14(±7) age on average age, were mainly educated in French (72%), from Dakar area (85%), graduates (61%), under parental project (55.1%), and less than 4 siblings (59%). The asserted perpetrators, whose average age is 29 (±11) years, were mainly acquaintances (51%), parents (36%) for the martyrs, and of unspecified declaration (69.23%). The sexual abuse, incestuous in 18% of cases, was often linked to rape (68%) dedicated at the alleged perpetrators’ (37.2%) and followed by behavioural disorder (47%), gestation (15%), alcoholism and/or escape (12%). According to professionals, the victims are usually minors from disadvantaged extents. The victim’s post-traumatic situation is delayed on account of the victim’s judicial concern, that is often the first response of parents. The management bear focus on socio-business-related development; Information, education and ideas, favour prevention and approachability of functional structures accompanying competent and instigated professionals, facilitate the situation of residual cases.

Author(s) Details:

K. Niang,
Public Health and Social Medicine, Gaston Berger University (UGB), Saint-Louis, Senegal.

A. Gueye,
Nutrition and Environment, Division of School Canteens, Ministry of Education, Dakar, Senegal.

P. Ndiaye,
Public Health and Social Medicine, Gaston Berger University (UGB), Saint-Louis, Senegal.

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Keywords: Violence, sexual abuse, gender, girls, women, Senegal

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