Applying Odds of Soft Computing-based Approaches for Environmental Impact Assessment

Diverse human ventures, as industrial, agricultural, marketing, and touristic ones have the direct aim to support increasing humanity condition of life. Anyway, it has been observed that beside beneficial direct and desired effects of these endeavors, simultaneously they can have also negative, unwelcome, and sometimes incredible effects on environment and institution. For assuring the sustainable growth of human society is then necessary to assess business-related activities not only from economic and mechanics points of view but also from material and social ones. In this circumstances appropriate indicators for economic, tangible, and social aspects must perform and used. To complete activity environmental impact assessments material indicators on local and regional level search out be used. General desires regarding environmental signs will be presented, their usage potential as well as use examples from practical positions. Possibilities to define in a modular habit environmental signs will be debated and emphasised. A fuzzy philosophy-based aggregation form will be presented for a hardened situation of assessing air contamination on regional level, and by this the advantages of utilizing soft estimating methods will be pointed out. Obtained results will be argued, and conclusions regarding the custom potential of presented methods will be drawn.

Author(s) Details:

Ildiko Tulbure,
University “1 December 1918”, Alba Iulia, Romania, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania and Clausthal University of Technology, Germany.

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Keywords: Sustainable development, environmental impact assessment, air pollution, environmental indicators, soft computing methods, fuzzy-logic

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