Socio-teaching and medico-social service with underprivileged children demands professional competences adequate to the active social changes guide preparing children for free and independent living. This issue is specifically relevant for infants with restrictions when they are raised outside the classification environment and is liable to be subjected the measure of a Family-type accommodation center. This decides the need for the development of an appropriate pertaining to work and ergotherapeutic program that is from the age and individual health traits of the children, raiseds in a Family-type reconciliation center setting and assist while forming independent living abilities.The purpose of this Communication search out present an author’s program on pertaining to work therapy and ergotherapy expected included in the medical practitioner-social restoration of disadvantaged minors.Materials and Methods: Were conducted dispassionate studies (systematization of the healing documentation of incapacitated children); working tests: „Activities of daily living“ (ADL) test, „Leisure administration“ test, „Independent Living Skills“ test; sociological methods and statistical designs (SPSS, Wilcoxon rank test, Student’s t-test).Results and Analysis: The data from the mathematical processing of the results validate the working theory that the applied pertaining to work therapy program has a beneficial effect on the development of abilities for independent filling a place children nurtured and educated in social works.Conclusion: The study shows that there is a need for the exercise of occupational and ergotherapy programs that excite the development process of underprivileged children to improve self-care and growth skills, in addition to the acquisition of professional practices. The various and significant activities determined in their individual programs support the process of acquiring a set of information and skills that they will need from now on independent existence.

Author(s) Details:

Danelina Vacheva,
Department of Physical Medicine, Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy and Sports, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University, Pleven, Bulgaria and Clinic for Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University Hospital, Pleven, Bulgaria.

Iskra Petkova,
Department of Social and Pharmaceutical Activities, Medical College, Medical University, Pleven, Bulgaria.

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Keywords: Occupational therapy, ergotherapy, children at risk, medico-social rehabilitation

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