A Descriptive Study on Growth Profile of 100 Breastfeeding Children with Early Introduction of Infant Formulas in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

The aim of this study was to explain the growth profile of breastfeeding babies after the early introduction of infant formulas in order to improve the young infant’s feeding pattern. Uncontrolled feeding of newborns during the first 1000 days of life raises the risk of malnutrition, which increases the risk of metabolic disorders such as obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure in adulthood.

Methodology: A longitudinal descriptive study on 100 stable newborn babies with the introduction of infant formulas before 6 months of life was performed in two medical clinics in Abidjan from 11 June 2013 to 15 December 2016. The anthropometric parameters were compared to those recommended by the World Health Organization.

The percentage of women who exclusively breastfed was 5%. In 95% of cases, ablactation occurred within 12 months. At 3 and 9 months, both infants had doubled and tripled their birth weight. At 12 months, the height and head circumference measured at birth had grown by 50% and 37%, respectively. As compared to WHO growth maps, girls gained 12.4 percent more weight at 3 months and boys gained 7.3 percent more at 6 months. Stature gain at 12 months, on the other hand, was 50% lower than WHO standards, while head circumference was 37.8% and 45.5 percent higher than WHO standards in boys and girls, respectively.

Stunting was found in 26.1 percent of boys and 13.3 percent of girls at three months. Finally, after a year, the BMI revealed that 10% of people were overweight and 19% were obese.

Conclusion: Breastfeeding combined with the early adoption of baby formulas raises the likelihood of young infant malnutrition. We suggest avoiding it and exclusively breastfeeding instead.

Author (s) Details

Richard Azagoh-Kouadio
Paediatric Ward of University and Teaching Hospital of Angré, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Kouadio Vincent Asse
Paediatric Ward of University and Teaching Hospital of Bouake, Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire

Jean-Jacques Yao Atteby
Paediatric Ward of Hospital Mother-Child of Bingerville, Bingerville, Côte d’Ivoire

Lassina Cisse
Paediatric Ward of University and Teaching Hospital of Treichville, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Jacob Slanziahuelie Enoh
Paediatric Ward of University and Teaching Hospital of Treichville, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Ehouman Mocket Adolphe
University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa

Stéphane Koffi-Djadan
Paediatric Ward of University and Teaching Hospital of Treichville, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Soumahoro Oulai
Paediatric Ward of University and Teaching Hospital of Treichville, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

View Book :- https://stm.bookpi.org/CTMMR-V13/article/view/742

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