Screening of Biosurfactant Producers and Influence of Physicochemical Parameters on Its Production: An Overview

The accumulation of hydrocarbon pollutants in the environment is one of the repercussions of expanding industry. The use of biosurfactants as a bioremediation method is a long-term solution to this problem. Aside from food, detergents, and crude oil recovery, biosurfactants

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Evaluation of Diagnostic Performance of Immunochromatographic Rapid Card Test for Malarial Antigen against Peripheral Smear Microscopy: A Cross-sectional Study

Background: Malaria is a major public health problem in India, and it has emerged as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Rapid detection of malarial parasites can ensure timely and efficient management of clinical cases and disease control. In

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Cytochrome C Oxidase 1 Divergences among Indian and Global Mosquito Species

Molecular phylogenetics investigates the relationships between organisms. It employs a combination of molecular and statistical techniques to establish evolutionary links between living organisms or genes. The number of mutations/evolutionary events that have occurred between species since their divergence is referred

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Nanobiocatalysts: An Innovative Approach for Advancement of Industrial Biotechnology

Enzymes are natural biocatalysts that catalyze biochemical reactions in living organisms. Because of their superior properties, biocatalysts have been used to replace chemical catalysts in the industrial sector. However, due to certain constraints, the commercial application of natural catalysts has

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Occurrence of Typhoidal and Non-typhoidal Salmonellae among Poultry Workers in the Southern, Nigeria: A Recent Study

Most developing countries still have endemic typhoid fever and non-typhoidal salmonellosis, which are spread on a large scale through contaminated food and water. Poultry has also been identified as a common food source for Salmonella enteritidis infections since the early

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Joint Remodeling Molecules and Complement Components in Septic Arthritis

Septic arthritis (SA), also known as infectious arthritis, is caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi, as opposed to other inflammatory joint diseases. These microorganisms spread to the joints through the bloodstream from an existing focus in the body or enter

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Wild, Laboratory, and Pet Rats-Induced Seoul Hantavirus Disease Worldwide

Despite having been studied and isolated on four continents (Asia, Europe, the Americas, and Africa) since the early 1980s, rat-borne Seoul hantaviruses are only now being recognized globally as important human pathogens. Recent reports from Europe and the United States

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Determining the First Isolation, Antifungal Susceptibility, and Molecular Characterization of Cryptococcus neoformans from the Environment in Croatia

The purpose of this study was to identify the molecular types and antifungal susceptibility of Cryptococcus neoformans species complex isolates from Croatian environmental sources. Swab samples of tree hollows and bird excreta were collected from the soil beneath trees. Samples

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Microbial Degradation and Transformation of Organic Pollutants: An Eco-Friendly Strategy for Waste Mitigation

Organic waste pollution, particularly hydrocarbons, pesticides, herbicides, and other toxic wastes, is a worldwide issue. Despite the economic boom created by the petroleum industries in many countries, it has also resulted in environmental and socioeconomic challenges. The main cause of

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Antiviral Activity of Native and Modified Fucoidans from Brown Algae Fucus evanescens in vitro and in vivo: A Comparative Analysis

Fucoidans from brown algae were depolymerized enzymatically, allowing the production of standardized derivatives with various biological activities. The purpose of this study was to compare the antiviral activities of native (FeF) and enzyme-modified (FeHMP) fucoidans from F. evanescens. Using methylthiazolyltetrazolium

Read More Antiviral Activity of Native and Modified Fucoidans from Brown Algae Fucus evanescens in vitro and in vivo: A Comparative Analysis