Land use planning and health and well-being
This paper is concerned with the relationship between the planning of settlements and health. It gives a brief introduction to the issues before summarising the evidence in relation to a range of topics, concluding with some more speculative thoughts on likely future findings.Modern planning was invented in response to inhumane living conditions in 19th century cities. But in the last century the connection was lost. Only now, with concerns over climate change and obesity, is there beginning to be the realisation that the physical environment is an important determinant of health.
 Creating Hazard Resilient Communities through Land-Use Planning
The Second National Assessment on Natural and Related Technological Hazards calls land-use planning the single most promising approach for bringing about sustainable hazard mitigation. This article describes the essential elements of land-use planning for hazard mitigation. It highlights important choices involved in formulating planning processes, undertaking hazard assessments, and crafting programs to manage urban development so that it is more resilient to natural hazards. Research conducted over the past two decades suggests that if local governments make the right choices in crafting land-use-planning programs, communities will be less likely to suffer severe losses of lives and property in natural disasters.
 The integration of land use planning, transport and environment in European policy and research
There are increasing calls for greater policy integration within European policy documents and research programmes. In the area of land use planning, transport and environment policy, there is widespread acceptance that integrating decisions across these sectors is crucial for sustainable development. Despite this, relatively little European research has been (or is being) carried out on the issue of policy integration, particularly in relation to transport, land use planning and environment policies. Most of the research is mainly technical and mainly focuses on policy options, instruments or assessment methods, rather than on decision-making processes and/or implementation issues; little attention has been given to organisational and/or institutional aspects of policy integration and how this relates to theories from organisational, policy or political sciences. This paper provides a review of policy integration in academic literature, European policy documents and research activities. The paper aims to give a historical perspective to the issue of policy integration, summarise recent policy and research, identify key research gaps and identify promising new areas for future research. The paper is divided into five main sections. The introduction is followed by a short overview of academic literature concerning policy integration. The next section discusses the importance of policy integration in European policy-making and policy documents. This is followed by an assessment of the importance of policy integration for European research programmes and projects. The last section presents some conclusions and recommendations for promising areas of research concerning policy integration in relation to transport, land use planning and environmental issues.
 Arid Climate in the Sirba Basin in Burkina Faso: Causes for Better Decisions in Land Use Planning
The issue of climate change highlighted the dynamics of the global ecosystem especially in the atmosphere component. The perception of this phenomenon at the local level, in the villages, from serious scientific studies conditioned decisions on land use. Yet, these scientific truths evolve with time and their demonstration is different according to the space extent covered. It follows some decisions whose effectiveness has to be adapted in the light of the functioning of the considered phenomenon. Thus, it arises the issue of data quality in decision making in land planning. In the basin of the Sirba, there is an exacerbation of water-related conflicts, and this could be due to aridification that would be the consequence of a downward trend in precipitation. An explanation that governs the decisions made on water resources management in the basin of Sirba. The sole objective of this study is to check the veracity of aridification of the climate in the Sirba basin and the responsibility of the precipitation in this process. The methodology is based on a statistical analysis of the spatiotemporal evolution of the climate aridity and variables associated with it such as precipitation, temperature, number of rainy days and potential evapotranspiration. The results showed that the current aridification is not the fact of a decrease in precipitation, nor a reduction of the number of rainy days. It rains more and more often in the Sirba basin. However, the temperatures were higher as well as the losses by evapotranspiration. This interpretation different from the aridification phenomenon, draw the attention towards a revision of the solutions envisaged for solving of the problem. The decisions to reduce the evaporation should be preferred for more efficiency.
 Analysis of Landuse/Landcover Change in Damaturu Town of Yobe State, Nigeria
Landuse/landcover change detection is an essential process in monitoring and managing natural resources and urban development because it provides quantitative analysis of the spatial pattern, distribution, and variation of the physical and cultural landscape features. Damaturu town became the capital of Yobe State when it was created in 1991. Since then, Damaturu has been experiencing rapid changes in the landuse/landcover types due to urban expansion, economic development, and social transformation in the town. Therefore, there is a need to examine the trend and pattern of these changes for proper planning and development of the town. This study examined the dynamics of landuse/landcover change of Damaturu town from 1986 to 2009 using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System techniques. The following satellite imageries of Damaturu Township were obtained and processed for the analysis: LandSat MSS – 1985 and 1991; Landsat ETM – 1999, and Nig-sat1 ETM of 2009.
 Barton, H., 2009. Land use planning and health and well-being. Land use policy, 26, pp.S115-S123.
 Burby, R.J., Deyle, R.E., Godschalk, D.R. and Olshansky, R.B., 2000. Creating hazard resilient communities through land-use planning. Natural hazards review, 1(2), pp.99-106.
 Geerlings, H. and Stead, D., 2003. The integration of land use planning, transport and environment in European policy and research. Transport policy, 10(3), pp.187-196.
 Somé, Y.S.C., Dango, L. and Abdouramane, G.D., 2016. Arid Climate in the Sirba Basin in Burkina Faso: Causes for Better Decisions in Land Use Planning. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, pp.1-8.
 Jajere, A.A., Isma’il, M. and Musa, I.J., 2015. Analysis of landuse/landcover change in Damaturu Town of Yobe State, Nigeria. Advances in Research, pp.7-19.