News Release on Fuelwood: February -2019

Evidence for ecological property of fuelwood harvest at a rural village in Republic of South Africa

While the fuelwood crises foreseen within the Eighties haven’t materialized, the potential for fuelwood demand to exceed provide remains for several rural areas, significantly in Africa wherever fuelwood is that the primary supply of domestic energy. The property of fuelwood gather from a semi-arid grassland system was investigated at a rural village wherever shortages are foreseen. perennial sampling over a amount of seven years disclosed a stable provide of wood from gather areas. the amount and thickness of stems harvested didn’t decline for sure, nor did the employment of undesirable species. this can be according to long changes within the structure of the woody layer of the gather space, wherever will increase instead of decreases in plant density have occurred. the power of native species to survive regular harm, thicket apace, and reproduce once still well below their adult sizes, along with social factors that limit the speed of gather, seems to own created associate degree ecologically property gather system. However, the calculable biomass of fuelwood harvested was way below existing estimates of fuelwood consumption within the village, suggesting that fuelwood provide has not well-kept with demand. Transformation of gather areas for housing and crop fields, instead of increasing demand, is that the possibly reason for this. [1]

The SEEA-Based Integrated Economic-Environmental Modelling Framework: AN Illustration with Guatemala’s Forest and Fuelwood Sector

This paper develops and operationalizes the integrated economic-environmental modelling (IEEM) platform that integrates environmental information organized below the primary Systeme International d’Unites of environmental economic accounting with a robust dynamic economy-wide modelling approach. IEEM permits the ex-ante economic analysis of policies on the economy and therefore the setting during a quantitative, comprehensive and consistent framework. IEEM elucidates the two-way interrelationships between the economy and setting, considering however economic activities depend upon the setting as a supply of inputs and as a sink for his or her outputs. additionally to plain economic impact indicators like gross domestic product, financial gain and employment, IEEM generates indicators that describe policy impacts on the employment of environmental resources, wealth and environmental quality that along confirm prospects for future economic process and well-being. maybe the analytical capabilities of IEEM, the model is tag with Guatemala’s SEEA and applied to analysis of its forest and fuelwood sector wherever negative health and environmental impacts arise from inefficient fuelwood use. [2]

Residential fuelwood consumption in Brazil: Environmental and social implications

For an extended time, fuel was the sole supply of energy accessible for cookery, heating, and protection. Currently, new styles of energy, like liquefied crude gas (LPG) and electricity, have replaced the employment of fuel. However, this fuel remains a part of the energy matrix of the many countries, together with Brazil. Its use in cookery activities generates particles and gases which will have a sway on heating and health. the target of this study was to judge the employment of fuel associated with socioeconomic and environmental factors in Brazil. in line with the results, fuel characteristics, per capita consumption, and distribution proportion vary wide among the country. though LPG is that the most used fuel in Brazil, a major portion of the population – concerning eleven million households – still uses this fuel for domestic functions, inflicting the best emission rates of greenhouse gases. New analysis is important and will be the simplest investment to boost the standard of life and mitigate these temperature change issues and health hazards. [3]

Towards a Conceptualisation of Power in Fuelwood Access in Zimbabwe

Fuelwood scarceness in desert African countries may be a pressing challenge to rural households. However, what’s not appreciated is that the scarceness is planned by the facility dynamics constraints, that impede fuelwood access. That being thus, the growing body of labor on fuelwood doesn’t heretofore pay adequate attention to the connection between power asymmetries and fuelwood access, thence there’s a spot in fuelwood policy. within the face of this wider downside, the case of Buhera District demonstrates power dynamics of fuelwood access in Southern Rhodesia. supported in depth qualitative fortification, the article illuminates the relations between state actors and also the native folks in accessing fuelwood. this is often necessary as a result of access is set by the policing action taken by the powerful state actors. The queries at the centre of this text are how rural people’s access to fuelwood is influenced by power dynamics and the way these dynamics contribute to fuelwood scarceness in their villages. From the study it emerged that there are numerous techniques of power, that are utilized by state actors in dominant and regulation fuelwood access, leading ME to draw 2 major conclusions. First, there’s nobody fuelwood scarceness (shortage in a very specific location), however rather even wherever fuelwood is on the market, power relations play a job in deciding accessibility. Second, hidden power is employed to gift fuelwood scarceness as unpolitical, resulting in imperfect solutions that intensify rural people’s plight. consequently, by showing the workings of power relations, I endeavour to supply the inspiration for sophisticated fuelwood policy. [4]

Economic Analysis of Fuelwood Production and Consumption: proof from a Nigerian State

Aims: Against the backcloth of world and national energy crisis resulting in lingering demand and provide gap of change of state energy in Nigeria, this study was designed to spot the consumption pattern of fuelwood product, gain of fuelwood offer and therefore the major supply determinants in Kogi State, Nigeria.

Study design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and length of Study: Kogi State, Nigeria.

Methodology: a complete of ninety respondents were arbitrarily chosen comprising of thirty respondents every from three authorities Areas (LGAs) of the state (i.e. Olamaboro, Lokoja and Idah LGAs, every representing associate degree agricultural zone). associate degree interview schedule and a collection of structured form were wont to collect knowledge from the respondent. knowledge collected were analyzed victimization descriptive statistics, numerous measures of gain and multivariate analysis analyses. The semi-log model was chosen because the lead equation out of different 3 practical forms. The model was subjected to political economy designation (tests for multiple correlation and heteroscedasticity) and having passed the take a look at, it had been used for economic analysis.

Results: it had been found that majority of the respondents used fuelwood for change of state and food processing/preservation. Fuelwood offer business was terribly profitable with a gain Index of seventy five and a mean profit of concerning US$3470.03 per annum/supplier. The gain of the business was mostly influenced by education level, experience, market value of fuelwood and distance of supplier/producer from the forest.

Conclusion: it had been counseled that government ought to promote the business in an exceedingly property manner as the simplest way of economic condition alleviation, use extension agents to coach the suppliers and plant a lot of forests close to urban and rural areas. [5]

 

Reference

[1] Evidence for ecological sustainability of fuelwood harvesting at a rural village in South Africa

Swemmer AM, Mashele M, Ndhlovu PD. Evidence for ecological sustainability of fuelwood harvesting at a rural village in South Africa. Regional Environmental Change. 2019 Feb 19;19(2):403-13. (web link)

[2] The SEEA-Based Integrated Economic-Environmental Modelling Framework: An Illustration with Guatemala’s Forest and Fuelwood Sector

Banerjee O, Cicowiez M, Vargas R, Horridge M. The SEEA-Based Integrated Economic-Environmental Modelling Framework: An Illustration with Guatemala’s Forest and Fuelwood Sector. Environmental and Resource Economics. 2019:1-20. (Web link)

[3] Residential fuelwood consumption in Brazil: Environmental and social implications

Gioda A. Residential fuelwood consumption in Brazil: Environmental and social implications. Biomass and Bioenergy. 2019 Jan 1;120:367-75. (web link)

[4] Towards a Conceptualisation of Power in Fuelwood Access in Zimbabwe

Ellen Fungisai Chipango

Department of Sociology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa (web link)

[5] Economic Analysis of Fuelwood Production and Consumption: Evidence from a Nigerian State

Anthony O. Onoja

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Angela I. Emodi

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. (web link)

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