News Release on Sorghum Research: September-2018

Sorghum cultivars can produce thousands of gallons of ethanol

Sweet sorghum isn’t only for breakfast any longer. though sorghum may be a supply for table sweetener, scientists see a future during which we tend to convert sorghum to biofuel, instead of hoping on fuel. [1]

The Effects of Surface Albedo and Initial Lignin Concentration on Photodegradation of Sorghum Bicolor Litter

Photodegradation has been recognized as a contributor to litter decomposition during a large choice of ecosystems, but several of the mechanisms that drive it stays unknown. the first focus of this study was to research the impact of surface reflective power on the speed at that plant litter photodegrades. the primary hypothesis that was tested was that surfaces with higher reflective power can increase the speed of mass loss. The second hypothesis was that a wild sort Sorghum bicolor with higher polymer concentration can degrade sooner than a double mutant selection. [2]

Combined agronomic and climatic approaches for sorghum adaptation in Mali

In the geographic area, Genotype-Environment interaction plays a key role in formulating ways for crop improvement. Multi-location trials have created a sanctionative structure to see varieties yield performance and stability. Crop modeling LED to the prediction of long-run and spatial effects of climate variability. 3 improved varieties were compared to a few landraces. Optimum cultivation areas minimizing the chance of failure were painted by examination expected flowering dates and finish of rainy seasons. scientific discipline values were determined in trials from 3 climatically totally different zones in twenty-seven farms. Yield stability determined victimisation regression toward the mean looking on every environmental mean and therefore the AMMI model. Photoperiod-sensitive varieties have wider optimum cultivation area units whereas early-maturing varieties (photoperiod insensitive) are subjected to robust constraints on sowing date. [3]

Physicochemical, textural and In vitro starch digestion properties of nixtamalized maize flour and tortillas enriched with sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) bran

Background and Objectives: Sorghum seeds usually endure abrasive operation} to get rid of the seed vessel and facilitate its use as a food ingredient; from this process, sorghum bran (SB) is obtained in smart quantities and is usually discarded, but it presents some purposeful properties and has been accustomed improve some baked merchandise. during this work we have a tendency to analyze the impact of the substitution at five and ten of SB to nixtamalized maize flour (NMF) in tortillas, this in terms of their total dietary fiber (TDF) and its fractions (soluble and insoluble, respectively); and also the impact of its addition on pasting profiles, in vitro starch digestion, expected glycemic index (pGI), and a few textural parameters as firmness and rollability. [4]

Agronomic and Energetic Potential of Sorghum Evaluated in Two Consecutive Crops

Aims: Was to gauge the productive potential of 3 sorghum agronomical teams (biomass sorghum, cloying sorghum, and forage sorghum) in 2 cutting seasons (crop and regrowth) and to perform the energy (GJ/ha/cycle) characterization of biomass. Sample: Six sorghum cultivars in 3 agronomical groups: biomass sorghum (hybrids Bachelor of Divinity 7607 and BRS 716), cloying sorghum (hybrids Bachelor of Divinity 5404 and BRS 511) and forage sorghum (hybrids BD1615 and BRS 655).

Study Design: This cultivar were evaluated within the block style arbitrarily, with six replicates and analyzed in time divided plots. Place and length of the Study: The experiment was conducted within the field being evaluated in 2 consecutive harvests, throughout the months of December/2014 to September/2015 and at the top of the cycle of every vascular plant the plant evaluations were distributed. [5]

Reference

[1] Sorghum cultivars can produce thousands of gallons of ethanol

Date: December 13, 2017, Source: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (web link)

[2] The Effects of Surface Albedo and Initial Lignin Concentration on Photodegradation of Sorghum Bicolor Litter

Niere J. The Effects of Surface Albedo and Initial Lignin Concentration on Photodegradation of Sorghum Bicolor Litter. (web link)

[3] Combined agronomic and climatic approaches for sorghum adaptation in Mali

Sissoko S, Tekete ML, Kouressy M, Thera K, Dembele Y, Doumbia M, Sissoko A, Sanogo S, Diarra Y, Samake M, Rami JF. Combined agronomic and climatic approaches for sorghum adaptation in Mali. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2018 Aug 30;13(35):1816-27. (web link)

[4] Physicochemical, textural and In vitro starch digestion properties of nixtamalized maize flour and tortillas enriched with sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) bran

Buitimea‐Cantúa NE, de la Rosa‐Millán J. Physicochemical, textural and In vitro starch digestion properties of nixtamalized maize flour and tortillas enriched with sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) bran. Cereal Chemistry. (web link)

[5] Agronomic and Energetic Potential of Sorghum Evaluated in Two Consecutive Crops

Vanessa Aparecida Pereira Batista1*, Vanucci Zelda Pereira Batista2, Tiago da Silva Moreira2, Angélica Fátima de Barros3 and Leonardo Duarte Pimentel4

1State University of Northern Fluminense (UENF), Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil.

2Department of Agronomy, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, MG, Brazil.

3Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa, MG, Brazil.

4Department of Plant Science, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Brazil. (web link)

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