News Update on Agricultural Economy Research: May – 2019

The agricultural economy of Northeast Brazil.

This study relies on a cross-sectional farm survey started in 1973. By giving a presentation of careful knowledge on the characteristics of the agricultural economy and also the application of latest analytical tools to spot a number of the causative influences at work, the study sheds lightweight on the kinds of measures needed to stimulate agriculture and reduces the extent of economic condition within the Northeast. The agricultural labour force consists of six million individuals of that ninety nine has no entrepreneurial access to just about seventieth of the agricultural land. Therefore, the study concludes that reform seems to be the sole intervention with any hope of assuaging the economic condition of the landless rural employees and their families. KEYWORDS: TROPAG | economic science | development and social sciences | agricultural economy | regional development | Brazil | North East Brazil. [1]

Hutterian brethren: the agricultural economy and social organization of a communal people.

This 196.4-65 study of six typical Hutterite colonies of 130-150 folks on communal farms in S.W. Canadian province aims to point out how the cluster found their land, established their agricultural economy, and discovered relations with the native inhabitants, and why they need been therefore no-hit. Topics mentioned embody family and kinship, instrumental organiza- tion, agricultural management and decision-making, strategies of production, and patterns of modification in Hutterite society and technology. Comparison is drawn between the colonies and Israeli kibbutzim as samples of enduring communal societies. A. abr. [2]

Bioethanol development in China and the potential impacts on its agricultural economy

China is currently the third largest bioethanol producer within the world once the United State and Brazil. the general goals of this paper square measure to produce an summary of China’s current bioethanol program, its future trend, and therefore the probably impacts on its agricultural economy within the future. The associate degreealysis shows that China has developed an bold long biofuel program with a series of economic and institutional supports. whereas there square measure many potential feedstock crops offered for bioethanol production, lack of land for feedstock production is one in every of major constraints in China’s bioethanol growth. The results show that though China’s bioethanol growth can have very little impacts on overall agricultural costs in international markets, it’ll have important impacts on the costs, productions, and trade of these energy crops being employed for bioethanol production in China. [3]

Isotope evidence for agricultural extensification reveals how the world’s first cities were fed

This study sheds lightweight on the agricultural economy that underpinned the emergence of the primary urban centres in northern geographic region. exploitation δ13C and δ15N values of crop remains from the sites of Tell Sabi Abyad, Tell Zeidan, Hamoukar, Tell Brak and Tell Leilan (6500–2000 cal bc), we tend to reveal that effortful practices like manuring/middening Associate in Nursingd water management shaped an integral a part of the agricultural strategy from the seventh millennium before Christ. inflated agricultural production to support growing urban populations was achieved by cultivation of larger areas of land, entailing lower manure/midden inputs per unit area—extensification. Our findings paint a nuanced image of the role of agricultural production in new varieties of political centralization. The shift towards lower-input farming most credibly developed bit by bit at a family level, however the inflated importance of land-based wealth well-grooved a key potential supply of political power, providing the chance for larger official management and conducive to the broader social group changes that attended urbanization. [4]

Effective Job Satisfaction on Training Needs of Agricultural Workers in Extensive Work Zone at Iraqi Provinces: A Case Study

The world is long-faced with the necessity to create agriculture a lot of property, a lot of profitable, and a lot of productive with fewer resources to make sure continuity and development. Effective agricultural extension is one in all the ways that of achieving productivity in agriculture by boosting job performance. The variations between people have a control on individual job performances, volume and quality of labor. These variations area unit created to spot the performance, behavior and actions of workers. Thus, this study is aimed toward examining the impact of coaching on the information and attitudes of extension employees in Asian country. This study reviews the many analyses needed for the fortunate identification of coaching desires and implementation of coaching programs. Used mean and MWDS for coaching desires within the study. This study was conducted for a particular Iraqi extension employee. to realize targeted results, the processes were analyzed consistently and accurately with the participation of all concerned parties. Analysis of job satisfaction indicated a big relationship between coaching and relationship with colleagues, finances and perspective with correlation coefficients of zero.197, 0.246, and 0.334, severally, at tier of zero.01. [5]

Reference

[1] Kutcher, G.P. and Scandizzo, P.L., 1981. The agricultural economy of Northeast Brazil. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press. (Web Link)

[2] Bennett, J.W., 1967. Hutterian brethren: the agricultural economy and social organization of a communal people. Hutterian brethren: the agricultural economy and social organization of a communal people. (Web Link)

[3] Qiu, H., Huang, J., Yang, J., Rozelle, S., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y. and Zhang, Y., 2010. Bioethanol development in China and the potential impacts on its agricultural economy. Applied Energy, 87(1), pp.76-83. (Web Link)

[4] Isotope evidence for agricultural extensification reveals how the world’s first cities were fed

Amy K. Styring, Michael Charles, Federica Fantone, Mette Marie Hald, Augusta McMahon, Richard H. Meadow, Geoff K. Nicholls, Ajita K. Patel, Mindy C. Pitre, Alexia Smith, Arkadiusz Sołtysiak, Gil Stein, Jill A. Weber, Harvey Weiss & Amy Bogaard

Nature Plants volume 3, Article number: 17076 (2017) (Web Link)

[5] Jasim Mohammed, S. (2018) “Effective Job Satisfaction on Training Needs of Agricultural Workers in Extensive Work Zone at Iraqi Provinces: A Case Study”, Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 6(2), pp. 1-12. doi: 10.9734/ARJASS/2018/37798. (Web Link)

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