Matching demand and supply in the agricultural knowledge infrastructure: Experiences with innovation intermediaries
The privatization of agricultural analysis and extension institutions worldwide has crystal rectifier to the event of a marketplace for services designed to support agricultural innovation. However, thanks to market and general failures, each provide aspect and demand side parties during this market have old constraints in effecting transactions and establishing the mandatory relationships to have interaction in demand-driven innovation processes. To mitigate these constraints, a field of go-between organizations has emerged to help agricultural entrepreneurs to articulate demand, forge linkages with people who will offer innovation support services, and manage innovation processes. this text aims to administer an summary of the various types of the alleged innovation intermediaries that have emerged within the The Netherlands and to report on their contributions and therefore the tensions that are being old with relevance their functioning. The article concludes with a discussion during which it’s argued that the state ought to play a task as a ‘market facilitator’, by funding such innovation intermediaries. 
Balancing multiple interests: Embedding innovation intermediation in the agricultural knowledge infrastructure
The purpose of this paper is to produce insights into the emergence, embedding and best style of intermediaries WHO act as a bridge between demand and provide within the agricultural data infrastructure. employing a case-study approach, the paper focuses on the relationships between a for-profit negotiant organisation within the The Netherlands and several other parties that it performs numerous bridging functions, i.e., coupling these parties particularly innovation processes and channelling their later interactions. The findings recommend that though innovation intervention is seen as helpful, tensions emerge concerning the innovation intermediary’s governance structure, the means it generates its revenues and also the totally different activities it performs. A clearer delineation between its totally different activities needs to be created so as to minimise competition with different suppliers of R&D and data intensive business services, and to guard its credibleness and nonpartisanship. what is more, some tasks of innovation intermediaries are best funded publically, whereas others ought to be funded in camera. The originality of the paper lies within the proven fact that it focuses on relationships between associate degree innovation negotiant and also the offer facet of the data infrastructure, whereas usually the main focus is on interactions with end-users of data and knowledge. 
Access and use of agricultural information and knowledge in Tanzania
Purpose – the aim of this study is to assess access to and use of agricultural knowledge and data within the rural areas of Tanzania.
Design/methodology/approach – Mixed quantitative, qualitative and democratic ways were deployed. Semi‐structured interviews were accustomed collect qualitative and quantitative knowledge from 181 farmers in six districts of Tanzania. Focus teams and democratic techniques (i.e. data mapping and linkage diagrams) were additionally accustomed collect qualitative knowledge from 128 farmers within the same districts.
Findings – The results showed that deep, made and complete knowledge may be collected through the mixed quantitative, qualitative and democratic techniques. The findings incontestable that the knowledge and data wants, and information‐seeking patterns of farmers were location specific. the main sources of knowledge for farmers were preponderantly native (neighbours, friends and family), followed by public extension services. aside from radio and cell phones, advanced technologies (i.e. net and e‐mail) and written materials were used at a coffee rate despite their existence within the communities.
Research limitations/implications – The study necessitates a necessity to conduct regular studies on data wants, map communities’ knowledge and data sources, produce awareness data} sources and knowledge culture, use democratic ways in style and development of technologies and use multiple sources of information and data (such as print and technologies) to deliver relevant information to farmers.
Originality/value – The study provides a deep understanding of access to and use of agricultural knowledge and data within the rural areas, that necessitates a necessity for demand‐led and client‐based knowledge and data services so as to fulfill the disparate farmers’ wants. These findings will function an example for the increasing use of mixed quantitative, qualitative and democratic ways in data behavior analysis. 
FARMING may be a advanced business. It embraces a bigger kind of objects and interests than the other industrial pursuit. Its 2 nice ends are the assembly of crops and also the production of animals. it’s among the oldest occupations of man. Its history has been terribly peculiar. In our own day the system of farming pursued by the nice bulk of occupiers of land is much behind the state of agricultural knowledge; and plenty of of the practices of the foremost enlightened of our farmers are supported empirical knowledge. varied agencies are projected for promoting agricultural progress. For the instruction of the mass we tend to should look mainly to the diffusion of agricultural data through the medium of standard faculties and faculties, as was recognized your time past in NATURE. For additional progress within the acquisition of correct data we tend to should look mainly to experimental investigations. 
Socio-economic Characteristics of ATMA (Agricultural Technology Management Agency) Extension Functionaries in Assam and Their Relationship to Their Training Needs
The most outstanding step in rising the abilities of extension functionaries is to analyse their coaching desires. The ATMA (Agricultural Technology Management Agency) Extension Functionaries are perpetually engaged in effective transfer of improved agricultural technologies to service agencies for increasing agricultural production. They act because the systema nervosum within the method of communication the most recent agricultural information from research laboratory to land. So, it’s of utmost importance to update their information and talent sporadically consistent with their desires through systematic and continuous in-service coaching programme. The aim of this study was to seek out out the socio-economic characteristics of ATMA extension functionaries and confirm the link between those socio-economic characteristics with their coaching desires. The study disclosed that age, instructional qualification, service expertise, length of service within the gift place of posting and coaching exposure had a negative and vital relationship with training desires of the ATMA extension functionaries. 
 Klerkx, L. and Leeuwis, C., 2008. Matching demand and supply in the agricultural knowledge infrastructure: Experiences with innovation intermediaries. Food policy, 33(3), pp.260-276. (Web Link)
 Klerkx, L. and Leeuwis, C., 2008. Balancing multiple interests: Embedding innovation intermediation in the agricultural knowledge infrastructure. Technovation, 28(6), pp.364-378. (Web Link)
 Tandi Lwoga, E., Stilwell, C. and Ngulube, P., 2011. Access and use of agricultural information and knowledge in Tanzania. Library review, 60(5), pp.383-395. (Web Link)
 Scientific Agriculture
Naturevolume 13, pages101–102 (1875) (Web Link)
 Das, P. and Borua, S. (2017) “Socio-economic Characteristics of ATMA (Agricultural Technology Management Agency) Extension Functionaries in Assam and Their Relationship to Their Training Needs”, Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 16(4), pp. 1-5. doi: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32993.(Web Link)