News Update on Buddhist Research: May – 2019

Culture and Theories of Personality

This chapter explores however some japanese traditions would possibly perceive human temperament. It focuses on theoretical thinking, instead of on cross‐cultural investigations of individual variations derived from inquiry in temperament science. the foremost necessary theories of temperament within the West are acquainted to students of science. These temperament systems embody the psychoanalytical, humanistic‐existential, behavioral, cognitive, and therefore the attribute approaches. The chapter in short summarizes these approaches with a watch toward understanding the first emphases of those views. The chapter then presents 2 japanese systems for approaching queries of temperament, the Confucian and therefore the Buddhist traditions, each having their origins in Asia, the previous in China and therefore the latter in Republic of India, then migrating to China, Korea, Japan, and ultimately to the West. It emphasizes the degree to that Buddhism shares characteristics with Western approaches. [1]

Buddhist entrepreneurs and new venture performance: the mediating role of entrepreneurial risk-taking

This study examines however Buddhism as AN jap faith influences new venture performance. we have a tendency to propose that Buddhist values and associations will bring distinctive edges to new ventures supported by Buddhist entrepreneurs and facilitate improve new venture performance. we have a tendency to any advance that a minimum of a part of these spiritual edges are realised through AN entrepreneurial risk-taking strategy, as mirrored in analysis and development investment and debt funding. Analysis of a sample of 1032 entrepreneurs in China provides accessory proof for our arguments. The study has implications for analysis on the relationships among faith, risk-taking, and performance, and on the variations between jap and Western religions. [2]

Repeated intravesical injections of platelet‐rich plasma are effective in the treatment of interstitial cystitis: a case control pilot study

Objective

Interstitial urinary tract infection (IC), conjointly called bladder pain syndrome (BPS), may be a draining chronic unwellness. There are few treatment choices for IC/BPS refractory to current medical medical aid. This study investigated the clinical effectivity of intravesical injections of platelet‐rich plasma (PRP) in IC/BPS.

Methods

Fifteen patients with IC/BPS received four intravesical injections, at 1‐monthly intervals, of 12 mL PRP extracted from 50 mL of the patient’s blood, followed by cystoscopic hydrodistention. the first terminus was the modification in O’Leary‐Sant symptom (OSS) index from baseline to 1 month once the fourth PRP injection. Secondary endpoints were changes in pain (measured employing a visual analog scale [VAS]), daily frequency, nocturia, practical bladder capability (FBC), most rate, voided volume, post‐void residual (PVR) volume, and world response assessment (GRA). Urinary protein levels were measured at baseline and 1 month once the first PRP treatment.

Results

Of the fifteen girls within the study, thirteen completed the four injections and follow‐up visits (mean [± SD] age fifty two.9 ± 12.1 years). The OSS index and VAS pain score shrivelled considerably and FBC and GRA accrued once the first PRP injection and lasted till the ultimate terminus. There was no modification in PVR once perennial PRP injections, and every one patients were freed from tract infections and problem urinating. Urinary lymphokine (IL)‐2 and IL‐8 concentrations accrued considerably once the first PRP injection. In patients with reductions within the VAS pain score ≥1, urinary IL‐8 and tube-shaped structure epithelial tissue protein accrued. In patients while not reductions within the VAS pain score, IL‐6 concentrations accrued once PRP injection. [3]

Effect of religion on hypertension in adult Buddhists and residents in China: A cross-sectional study

Correlation between faith and cardiovascular disease is price work since they each influence many of us. Compared to studies that quantify religion with indicators representing solely restricted dimensions of faith, researches assessing faith as AN integral is desirable whereas lacking. Moreover, non secular behaviors have nice potential to be generalized if they’re established to be go-between through that faith exerts impact. However, relevant proof is proscribed. Therefore, this cross-sectional study recruited 1384 adult Tibetan Buddhists from 2 Buddhist institutes within the Szechuan Province of China, and listed 798 adult Tibetan residents from near  villages/towns. every participant received a form, physical examination, and blood organic chemistry tests. Buddhist impact on cardiovascular disease was investigated. the consequences of unambiguously Buddhist behaviors on cardiovascular disease were analyzed. The hypertensive risk of the Tibetan Buddhists is considerably shrivelled by thirty eight than Tibetan residents. As a Buddhist behavior, feeder diet extremely approximates to be protecting for Tibetan cardiovascular disease. As another Buddhist behavior, longer Buddhist activity participation time is related to shrivelled prevalence of cardiovascular disease additionally as lower pressure level (BP) by analyzing subgroup of 570 Buddhists. Therefore, the protecting role of faith on cardiovascular disease is usually recommended, and also the non secular behaviors are mediators which can be applied to general population. [4]

Trickster-Like Teachings in Tibetan Buddhism: Shortcuts towards Destroying Illusions

Trickster-like Hindu deity teachings in Lamaism behave as a form of shortcuts within the approach to leading folks on the trail of enlightenment. This essay collects 3 such teachings of various levels towards destroying illusions, i.e., Buddha’s silence, Guru’s contradiction in terms, and Ego’s kleshas. they’re necessary as “an ace up the sleeve” for Buddha to destruct disciples’ metaphysical morass, for Guru to steer community toward excellent transcendence, and for people to achieve self-consciousness.[5]

Reference

[1] Giordano, P.J., 2019. Culture and theories of personality: Western, Confucian, and Buddhist perspectives. CrossCultural Psychology: Contemporary Themes and Perspectives, pp.661-684.

(Web Link)

[2] Liu, Z., Xu, Z., Zhou, Z. and Li, Y., 2019. Buddhist entrepreneurs and new venture performance: the mediating role of entrepreneurial risk-taking. Small Business Economics52(3), pp.713-727.

(Web Link)

[3] Jhang, J.F., Wu, S.Y., Lin, T.Y. and Kuo, H.C., 2019. Repeated intravesical injections of platelet‐rich plasma are effective in the treatment of interstitial cystitis: a case control pilot study. LUTS: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms11(2), pp.O42-O47.(Web Link)

[4] Effect of religion on hypertension in adult Buddhists and residents in China: A cross-sectional study

Qingtao Meng,Ying Xu,Rufeng Shi,Xin Zhang,Si Wang,Kai Liu &Xiaoping Chen 

Scientific Reportsvolume 8, Article number: 8203 (2018)(Web Link)

[5] G. Ma, Z. (2018) “Trickster-Like Teachings in Tibetan Buddhism: Shortcuts towards Destroying Illusions”, Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 5(1), pp. 1-9. doi: 10.9734/ARJASS/2018/38108.(Web Link)

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