Study on Hackathons for New Innovation Seed and Business Model Development Needs in Digitalization Driven Sustainability, Circularity and Environmentally Friendly Solutions Demanding Digitalizing Societies

Companies in industrialised countries are under increasing legal pressure from governments and local governments to become more environmentally friendly. Nowadays, sustainability is a commercial benefit and a clear competitive advantage, and it is…

News Update on tumour growth : Jan 2022

Defining the mode of tumour growth by clonal analysis Recent studies using the isolation of a subpopulation of tumour cells followed by their transplantation into immunodeficient mice provide evidence that certain tumours1,2, including…

Overview on Organic and Inorganic Materials Used for Furniture and Its Decorations

Natural resources aided in the evolution of human existence on the planet. For almost 10,000 years, these materials have been in use. Furniture has been made out of raw wood or stone for…

Selected Coating Properties of Black Alder Wood as a Function of Surface Preparation, Varnish Type, Coating System and Exposure Conditions

On the market, solid wood furniture maintains its popularity. The key factors used to describe the overall quality of solid wood are reliability, environmental friendliness, appearance, and value. Black alder is one of…

An Ecological Approach for Recovery Residual Area of the Human Productive Activity: A Brief Study

Cities and their suburbs develop, expand, and replace natural lands with agricultural lands as urban populations grow. Land use changes as a result of urbanisation, changing the connection between human societies and natural…

Study on Decomposition and Transformation of Calcite-1 by Shearing at High Pressure

Transmission Calcite-1 was gently sheared at high pressure up to 16 GPa parallel to the (101) plane and in the [2-1-1] direction at room temperature, resulting in X-ray diffraction patterns on imaging plates….

Determining the Bulk Growth, Nucleation Kinetics, Optical and Spectral Analysis of Organic Nonlinear Material: 4-Chloroaniline (pCA) Single Crystal

The organic nonlinear optical material 4-chloroaniline was formed as a single crystal by slow cooling (pCA). The material solubility was determined via gravimetric analysis, and the metastable zonewidth MSZW was evaluated at various…

Effect of the Temperature and the Holding Time on Carburizing Treatment of 18CN4 and 22MC4 Steels

The resistance to wear and fatigue of mechanical parts subjected to high loads is heavily influenced by the surface of those parts. Producing a hard surface layer over a less strong substrate increases…

Investigation of Electrical, Acoustical and Optical Properties of Nanopowder Dispersed Cholesteric Liquid Crystal

Due to its unique features, such as improvement in different properties such as electrical, optical, thermal, energy storage, and spontaneous polarisation, composite materials based on nanopowder dispersed liquid crystals are essential both in…

A Detailed Review on the Properties and Applications of WO3 Nanostructure-Based Optical and Electronic Devices

Tungsten oxide (WO3) is a wide bandgap semiconductor with accidentally doped n-type, strong electrical conductivity, and high electron Hall mobility, making it a potential material for optoelectronic applications. Recent publications have included reviews…

News Update on Cancer incidence : Jan 2022

Trends in cancer incidence and mortality Time trends in cancer risk have often been summarised by the observation that mortality from cancers associated with tobacco is increasing rapidly, while mortality from all other…

Evaluation of the Resistance to Cracking of Paint and Varnish Coatings

The method of assessing the crack resistance of coatings is discussed in this chapter. The influence of the substrate’s porosity on the coatings’ crack resistance has been proven. The approach based on the…

Monitoring the Respiratory Rate in the Premature Newborn by Analyzing Thermal Images

The prospect of using a non-invasive approach to monitor respiratory rate in premature neonates is investigated in this work. The technologies used to monitor new-born breathing are now difficult to operate and do…

Assessment of Sandcrete Blocks Quality in Imo State, Nigeria: A Brief Overview

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the production management practises used in the fabrication of high-quality sandcrete blocks in a few tested locations in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. The compressive strength…

Study on the Development of a MEMS Hotplate-based Photoacoustic CO2 Sensor

Instead of using a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) hotplate for metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) or nondispersive infrared (NDIR) gas sensing, a photoacoustic (PA) hotplate was used. This MEMS hotplate PA carbon dioxide sensor was…

A Brief Study on Sizing of Gas and Oil/Hydrocarbon Liquid Pipelines

An efficient method for determining the size of a gas pipeline and an oil/hydrocarbon liquid pipeline is described in this chapter. The procedure is fairly straightforward and does not require any complex computations….