In Burkina Faso, pneumococcal meningitis is still a public health problem. The aim of our research was to find out how common pneumococcal meningitis is at CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo’s infectious diseases department.
Patients and Procedures: It was a retrospective and descriptive analysis of patients hospitalised for pneumococcal meningitis in the department of infectious diseases at CHU YO Burkina Faso between January 1st 2000 and December 31st 2019.
Results: 393 cases were collected over the course of 20 years, representing a proportional morbidity of 7%. The average age was 26,8 years [19 days -90 years] and the sex ratio M / F was 1.6. The bulk of the patients (91%) came from the city of Ouagadougou’s suburbs. Housewives, fishermen, and students were the most affected, accounting for 23%, 10%, and 9%, respectively. The dry season corresponded to the annual peaks of meningitis cases, which occurred between January and April. In 30.31 percent of cases, evolution was fatal.Pneumococcal meningitis is still a common occurrence at CHU-YO, with a high mortality rate. As a result, there is a need to encourage pneumococcal vaccination and improve the technological platform for effective case management.
Author (s) Details
Department of Infectious Diseases, CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Burkina Faso.
Neurology Department, CHU YO, Burkina Faso.
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