Local gauge invariance creates a fifth force acting between chiral charges on neutrinos and quarks when left and right handed neutrinos have majorana mass matrices. The force is carried by an axiphoton, a massless (or low mass) 1-spin gauge boson.
The foundations of a dark energy theory. The numerical value obtained from the available data is compared to the theoretical outcome. The approach is plausible because the numerical values are well-matched, resulting in three independent paths. The current project is
I was inspired to write this article after reading a book by Prof. Geraint Lewis and Dr. Luke Barnes about how to undo astronomy’s Big Bang. Since attending several astrophysics courses at Australian National University a year before, I’d had
In the closed cosmic model, the horizon distance and volume of the universe are calculated. For t tme, the cosmic horizon distance distribution increases continuously, but for t > tme, it decreases. However, because to the shift of the universe