U (1) Axial as a Force between Neturinos

Local gauge invariance creates a fifth force acting between chiral charges on neutrinos and quarks when left and right handed neutrinos have majorana mass matrices. The force is carried by an axiphoton, a massless (or low mass) 1-spin gauge boson.

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Study Highlighting Calculation of Dark Energy and Dark Matter

The foundations of a dark energy theory. The numerical value obtained from the available data is compared to the theoretical outcome. The approach is plausible because the numerical values are well-matched, resulting in three independent paths. The current project is

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Hypothesis of Quantum Gravity

I was inspired to write this article after reading a book by Prof. Geraint Lewis and Dr. Luke Barnes about how to undo astronomy’s Big Bang. Since attending several astrophysics courses at Australian National University a year before, I’d had

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Investigation of Distribution of Mass and Energy in Closed Model of the Universe

In the closed cosmic model, the horizon distance and volume of the universe are calculated. For t tme, the cosmic horizon distance distribution increases continuously, but for t > tme, it decreases. However, because to the shift of the universe

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