Study on Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy: An Approach Towards Surgical Technique, Postoperative Survival, and Tumor Characterization According to VEGF Immunostaining

In two papers published in 1993, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) was first documented. Despite the fact that the surgical procedure was novel in terms of approach, it attempted to replicate open surgery’s oncological and reconstructive concepts. In this series, we

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Research on the Prognostic Role of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is the most deadly type of urological cancer. 60% to 70% of RCCs are localised instances for which nephrectomy is the gold standard treatment. At the time of diagnosis, 20% of cases are progressed. Due to their

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