Study on Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy: An Approach Towards Surgical Technique, Postoperative Survival, and Tumor Characterization According to VEGF Immunostaining

In two papers published in 1993, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) was first documented. Despite the fact that the surgical procedure was novel in terms of approach, it attempted to replicate open surgery’s oncological and reconstructive concepts. In this series, we

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